jQuery Mobile Framework
Search Home >> Standards Wordwide >> Australia Standards(AS) >> AS 1418.1-2002 cranes, hoists and winches - general requirements

AS 1418.1-2002 cranes, hoists and winches - general requirements

Standard Number:  AS 1418.1-2002
Title:  cranes, hoists and winches - general requirements
Language:  English
Publication Date:  2002/6/20
Execute Date:  2002/6/20
Status:  Current
International Classification for Standards (ICS)MATERIALS HANDLING EQUIPMENT>>Lifting equipment>>Cranes
Publisher:  Australia Standards(AS)
Price:  
Number of Pages:179P.;A4  

Description:specifies general requirements for cranes as defined in as 2549. includes the design of cranes by the traditional working stress method and also allows design by the limit states method. no set of generally accepted partial load factors necessary for crane design by the limit states method are available.  
Catalog:Document Contents
AS 1418.1-2002 CRANES, HOISTS AND WINCHES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
PREFACE
CONTENTS
FOREWORD
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE
1.2 NEW DESIGNS, INNOVATIONS AND DESIGN METHODS
1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
1.4 DEFINITIONS
1.4.1 Classification
1.4.2 Competent person
1.4.3 Controlled stop
1.4.4 Fail-safe
1.4.5 May
1.4.6 Shall
1.4.7 Should
1.4.8 Rated capacity
1.4.9 Uncontrolled stop
1.5 NOTATION
1.6 CONTACT SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SECTION 2 CLASSIFICATION OF CRANES
2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
2.2 GENERAL
2.3 GROUP CLASSIFICATION
2.3.1 Bases of classification
2.3.2 Class of utilization
2.3.3 Load spectrum
2.3.4 Group classification
SECTION 3 MATERIALS FOR CRANES
3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
3.2 MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
SECTION 4 CRANE LOADS
4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
4.2 REFERENCE TO OTHER PARTS OF THIS STANDARD
4.3 DETERMINATION OF CRANE LOADS
4.4 CATEGORIZATION OF CRANE LOADS
4.5 PRINCIPAL LOADS
4.5.1 General
4.5.2 Dead loads
4.5.3 Hoisted load
4.5.4 Inertia loads
4.5.5 Loads induced by displacements
4.6 ADDITIONAL LOADS
4.6.1 General
4.6.2 Wind forces
4.6.3 Snow and ice loads
4.6.4 Forces due to temperature variation
4.6.5 Lateral forces due to oblique travel
4.6.6 Bulk material loads
4.7 SPECIAL LOADS
4.7.1 General
4.7.2 Loads due to off-vertical hoisting
4.7.3 Dynamic effects of test loads
4.7.4 Buffer forces
4.7.5 Tilting forces
4.7.6 Miscellaneous loads
4.7.7 Loads caused by emergency conditions
4.7.8 Seismic loads
4.7.9 Loads during erection
4.7.10 Forces during transport
4.8 PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINATION OF CRANE LOAD COMBINATIONS
4.8.1 Basic considerations
4.8.2 Application of load combinations
SECTION 5 DESIGN OF CRANE STRUCTURE
5.1 GENERAL
5.2 BASIS OF DESIGN
5.2.1 Design of structure
5.2.2 Classification of crane structures
5.3 DESIGN OBJECTIVE
5.4 METHOD OF DESIGN
5.4.1 General
5.4.2 Working stress design method
5.4.3 Limit states method
5.5 FATIGUE STRENGTH
5.5.1 General
5.5.2 Working stress design
5.5.3 Limit states design
5.6 DESIGN FOR SERVICEABILITY DEFLECTION AND VIBRATION
5.6.1 General
5.6.2 Deflection limits of crane structural members
5.6.3 Driver exposure to vibration
SECTION 6 STABILITY
6.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
6.2 OVERTURNING
6.3 STABILITY DURING ERECTION AND MAINTENANCE
6.4 SAFETY AGAINST DRIFTING
SECTION 7 CRANE MECHANISMS
7.1 GENERAL
7.2 MECHANISMS
7.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
7.3.1 Design of mechanism
7.3.2 Design for strength
7.3.3 Design for life
7.3.4 Classification of crane mechanisms
7.4 MECHANISM LOADINGS
7.4.1 Determination of loads
7.4.2 Categorization of mechanism loads
7.4.3 Categorization of mechanism loading
7.5 PRINCIPAL LOADS
7.6 ADDITIONAL LOADS
7.7 SPECIAL LOADS
7.8 CATEGORIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF MECHANISM LOAD COMBINATIONS
7.9 PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINING MECHANISM LOAD COMBINATIONS
7.9.1 General
7.9.2 Application of load combinations
7.10 MECHANICAL COMPONENTS
7.10.1 General
7.10.2 Bearings
7.10.3 Gearing
7.10.4 Couplings
7.11 DRIVING MEDIA
7.12 BRAKING
7.12.1 Braking media
7.12.2 Size and characteristics
7.12.3 Environmental protection
7.12.4 Accessibility
7.12.5 Materials
7.12.6 Design
7.12.7 Operation
7.12.8 Hoisting motion
7.12.9 Travel and traverse motions
7.12.10 Luffing motion
7.12.11 Slewing motion
7.13 MOTION LIMITS, INDICATORS AND WARNING DEVICES
7.13.1 Provision of limits
7.13.2 Range of limitation of motion
7.13.3 Operation of motion limit
7.13.4 Indicators and warning devices
7.14 ROPES AND REEVED SYSTEMS
7.14.1 Ropes
7.14.2 Components
7.14.3 Tensiometers
7.15 GUYS, OTHER FIXED-ROPE SYSTEMS, AND STATIONARY ROPES
7.16 REEVED SYSTEMS
7.16.1 Wire rope
7.16.2 Wire rope selection procedure
7.16.3 Fleet angle from drum or sheave
7.16.4 Rope anchorages
7.16.5 Rope equalizers
7.16.6 Overhauling weight
7.16.7 Fibre rope
7.17 SHEAVES
7.17.1 Materials
7.17.2 Design
7.17.3 Diameter of sheave
7.17.4 Sheave guard
7.18 DRUM AND SHEAVE DIAMETERS
7.19 DRUMS
7.19.1 Materials
7.19.2 Design
7.19.3 Diameter of drum
7.19.4 Actual thickness of drum shell
7.19.5 Theoretical thickness of drum shell (abbreviated method)
7.20 WHEEL AND RAIL SYSTEMS
7.20.1 Selection of wheels and rails
7.20.2 Wheel loading
7.20.3 Wheels
7.20.4 Tyres
7.20.5 Side guide rollers
7.20.6 Rails
7.20.7 Rail fastening and joining
7.20.8 Rail joints
7.20.9 Rail alignment
7.20.10 Runway flanges-Lateral support
7.21 GUIDES FOR MOVING PARTS
7.22 DETACHABLE PARTS
7.23 DIRECTLY FITTED HOOKS
7.24 COUNTERWEIGHTS
SECTION 8 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
8.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
8.2 MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
8.3 INFORMATION RELEVANT TO DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
8.4 MOTORS
8.4.1 Enclosure and duty type
8.4.2 Rated output and performance characteristics
8.4.3 Resistors for motor power circuits
8.5 MOTOR CONTROL
8.5.1 Control systems
8.5.2 Electrical braking
8.5.3 Motor control circuit
8.6 CONTACTORS
8.7 CONTROLLERS (see also Section 11)
8.7.1 Means of control
8.7.2 Requirements common to all controllers
8.7.3 Manual control
8.7.4 Electronic control
8.7.5 Automatic control
8.7.6 Stop functions
8.8 LIMIT SWITCHES (see also Clause 7.13)
8.8.1 Purpose
8.8.2 Motion limiting devices
8.8.3 Optional limit switches
8.8.4 End of travel limit switch
8.8.5 Working-limit switch
8.8.6 Final-limit switch
8.8.7 Design and construction
8.8.8 Application
8.9 CONTROL CIRCUITS
8.9.1 Control circuit supply
8.9.2 Control circuit voltages
8.9.3 Protection
8.9.4 Connection of Control Devices
8.10 ELECTRICAL ISOLATION
8.10.1 Purpose
8.10.2 Arrangement of isolation
8.10.3 Main isolator
8.10.4 Crane isolator
8.10.5 Access isolators
8.10.6 Service isolator
8.10.7 Accessory, ancillary and auxiliary isolators
8.10.8 Emergency isolation
8.11 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
8.11.1 Purpose
8.11.2 Overcurrent protection
8.11.3 Motor protection
8.11.4 Earthing
8.11.5 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
8.11.6 Phase sequence protection
8.11.7 Lightning protection
8.12 HIGH-VOLTAGE SUPPLY TO CRANES
8.13 CRANES WITH MAGNET ATTACHMENTS
8.13.1 General
8.13.2 Lifting capacity
8.13.3 Magnet controllers
8.13.4 Application of magnets
8.13.5 Emergency batteries
8.13.6 Magnet circuits
8.13.7 Rectifiers
8.13.8 Magnet leads
8.13.9 Magnet couplings
8.13.10 Magnet attachments
8.13.11 Magnet types
8.14 WIRING AND CONDUCTORS
8.14.1 Materials and installation
8.14.2 Multi°outlet electrical supply
8.14.3 Crane collector systems
8.14.4 Collector rings
8.14.5 Electrical supply cables
8.14.6 Flexible cable
8.15 ACCESSIBILITY
8.15.1 General
8.15.2 Servicing platforms
8.16 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MARKING AND INSTALLATION DIAGRAMS
8.16.1 Marking
8.16.2 Diagrams
SECTION 9 HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
9.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
9.2 MATERIALS
9.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
9.3.1 General
9.3.2 Braking
9.3.3 Emergency stop
9.3.4 Tubes, hoses, fittings and fluid passages
9.3.5 Safety features
9.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
9.5 COMPONENTS
9.5.1 Accumulators
9.5.2 Cylinders
9.5.3 Filters and strainers
9.5.4 Hydraulic controls
9.5.5 Hydraulic pumps and hydraulic motors
9.5.6 Hydraulic tubing, hoses, fittings and fluid passages
9.5.7 Reservoirs
9.6 INSTALLATION
9.7 TESTING
9.8 MARKING
9.9 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
SECTION 10 PNEUMATIC EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
10.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
10.2 MATERIALS
10.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
10.3.1 General
10.3.2 Braking
10.3.3 Emergency stop
10.3.4 Tubes, hoses, fittings and air passages
10.3.5 Safety features
10.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
10.5 COMPONENTS
10.5.1 Cylinders
10.5.2 Filters
10.5.3 Pneumatic controls
10.5.4 Pneumatic motors
10.5.5 Pneumatic tubing, hoses, fittings and air passages
10.5.6 Receivers
10.6 INSTALLATION
10.7 TESTING
10.8 MARKING
10.9 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
SECTION 11 OPERATIONAL DESIGN
11.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
11.2 CONTROL CABIN
11.2.1 Location of control cabin
11.2.2 Space for operator
11.2.3 Seating of operator
11.2.4 Controls and indicators
11.2.5 Visibility from the cabin
11.2.6 Ventilation
11.2.7 Lighting
11.2.8 Thermal environment
11.2.9 Noise exposure criteria
11.2.10 Communication
11.2.11 Fire extinguisher
11.2.12 Emergency entry to control cabin
11.2.13 Emergency egress from control cabin
11.3 PENDENT CONTROL STATIONS AND PENDENT CORDS
11.3.1 Pathway for crane operator
11.3.2 Operating level of controls
11.4 OPERATOR CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
11.4.1 Operation of controls
11.4.2 Interlocking of controls
11.4.3 Controls and indicators for ancillaries
11.4.4 Marking of operator controls
11.5 WARNING DEVICES
SECTION 12 MANUFACTURE AND CONSTRUCTION
12.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
12.2 MATERIALS
12.3 FABRICATION AND ASSEMBLY
12.4 REWORK
12.5 FINISH
12.6 DRAINING
12.7 ACCESS AND CLEARANCES
12.7.1 General
12.7.2 Access to crane operating position
12.7.3 Access and egress facilities
12.7.4 Clearances
12.8 REPAIRS
SECTION 13 INSPECTION AND TESTING
13.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
13.2 INSPECTION
13.3 TESTING
13.4 COMMISSIONING
SECTION 14 MARKING
14.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
14.2 MARKING
14.2.1 General
14.2.2 Marking on lifting devices
SECTION 15 OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
15.1 GENERAL
15.2 INDOOR INSTALLATION
15.2.1 Normal indoor service conditions
15.2.2 Special service conditions
15.3 OUTDOOR INSTALLATION
15.3.1 Normal outdoor service conditions
15.3.2 Special service conditions
15.4 HAZARDOUS AREAS
SECTION 16 MANUALS
16.1 GENERAL
16.2 CRANE OPERATOR?S MANUAL
16.3 MAINTENANCE MANUAL
16.4 SERVICE RECORD (LOGBOOK)
16.5 PARTS BOOK
APPENDIX A - ORGANIZATION OF AUSTRALIAN STANDARD FOR CRANES
APPENDIX B - LIST OF REFERENCED STANDARDS AND STANDARDS FOR REFERENCE
APPENDIX C - FAILURE TO SAFETY (FAIL-SAFE SYSTEMS)
APPENDIX D - TYPICAL CRANE APPLICATION CLASSIFICATION
APPENDIX E - OBLIQUE TRAVEL FORCES-DETAILED ANALYSIS
APPENDIX F - FATIGUE DESIGN OF MECHANISMS
APPENDIX G - REEVED SYSTEMS-ALLOWANCE FOR FRICTIONAL EFFECTS
APPENDIX H - EXAMPLES OF WIRE ROPE SELECTION
APPENDIX I - ROPE ANCHORAGE POINT LOCATION
APPENDIX J - GROOVE PROFILES FOR WIRE ROPE SHEAVES
APPENDIX K - GROOVE PROFILES FOR ROPE DRUMS
APPENDIX L - THEORETICAL THICKNESS OF HOIST DRUM
APPENDIX M - RELATED STANDARDS
  
File Format:  PDF(Acrobat Reader) or Word version doc Document
File Size:  120KB
Tile in English:  cranes, hoists and winches - general requirements

Full Text Information

Related

Top 10

New 10

PC Version