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AS 2159-2009 piling - design and installation

Standard Number:  AS 2159-2009
Title:  piling - design and installation
Language:  English
Publication Date:  2009/11/4
Status:  Current
Publisher:  Australia Standards(AS)
Price:  
Number of Pages:85  

Description:Sets out minimum requirements for the design, construction and testing of piled footings for civil engineering and building structures on land or immediate inshore locations.  
Catalog:Document Contents
AS 2159-2009 PILING-DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
PREFACE
CONTENTS
FOREWORD
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE
1.2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES
1.3 DEFINITIONS
1.3.1 Bored cast in place pile
1.3.2 Cased pile
1.3.3 Cone penetration test (CPT)
1.3.4 Continuous flight auger pile (CFA)
1.3.5 Design action
1.3.6 Design action effect (Ed)
1.3.7 Design geotechnical strength (Rd,g)
1.3.8 Design life
1.3.9 Design serviceability load (Eds)
1.3.10 Design structural strength (Rd,s)
1.3.11 Design ultimate geotechnical strength (Rd,ug)
1.3.12 Design ultimate structural strength (Rd,us)
1.3.13 Driven cast in place pile
1.3.14 Driven preformed pile
1.3.15 Durability
1.3.16 End-bearing pile
1.3.17 Footing
1.3.18 Foundation
1.3.19 Friction pile
1.3.20 Ground anchor
1.3.21 Large displacement piles
1.3.22 Limit state
1.3.23 Pile
1.3.24 Pile group
1.3.25 Pile head
1.3.26 Pile heave
1.3.27 Raking pile
1.3.28 Serviceability limit state (SLS), serviceability
1.3.29 Set
1.3.30 Small displacement piles
1.3.31 Standard penetration test (SPT)
1.3.32 Steel screw piles
1.3.33 Temporary compression
1.3.34 Test pile
1.3.35 Test ultimate geotechnical strength (Rt,ug)
1.3.36 Toe
1.3.37 Ultimate geotechnical strength (Rug)
1.4 NOTATION
1.5 CLASSIFICATION OF PILES
1.5.1 General
1.5.2 Displacement piles
1.5.3 Non-displacement piles
1.5.4 Partial displacement, post-grouted and preloaded non-displacement piles
SECTION 2 SITE INVESTIGATION
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 INFORMATION REQUIRED
SECTION 3 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES
3.1 OBJECTIVE OF PILE DESIGN
3.2 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
3.2.1 General
3.2.2 Design for ultimate strength
3.2.3 Design for serviceability
3.2.4 Design for durability
3.2.5 Design for other relevant requirements
3.3 ACTIONS AND COMBINATIONS FOR STRENGTH AND SERVICEABILITY DESIGN
3.3.1 Actions and loads
3.3.2 Load combinations for strength design
3.3.3 Load combinations for serviceability design
SECTION 4 GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN
4.1 GENERAL
4.2 ASSESSMENT OF GEOTECHNICAL PARAMETERS
4.3 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF GEOTECHNICAL STRENGTH DESIGN
4.3.1 Design geotechnical strength
4.3.2 Assessment of basic geotechnical strength reduction factor (φgb)
4.3.3 Assessment of design ultimate geotechnical strength (Rd,ug)
4.4 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR STRENGTH
4.4.1 Design ultimate geotechnical strength in compression
4.4.2 Design ultimate geotechnical strength in uplift
4.4.3 Design ultimate geotechnical strength of a pile group in compression or uplift
4.4.4 Combined pile and raft foundation
4.4.5 Negative friction
4.4.6 Soil swelling
4.4.7 Design ultimate geotechnical strength for lateral loading
4.4.8 Cyclic loading
4.4.9 Dynamic loading
4.4.10 Earthquake loading
4.5 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN FOR SERVICEABILITY
4.5.1 Design actions
4.5.2 Design criteria
4.5.3 Deflection limits
4.5.4 Geotechnical parameters for serviceability limit states
4.6 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICEABILITY
4.6.1 Deflection of a pile
4.6.2 Combined pile and raft footing
4.6.3 Settlement due to negative friction
4.6.4 Pile heave due to soil swelling
4.6.5 Deflection due to cyclic, impact, dynamic, earthquake, torsional or other loads
SECTION 5 STRUCTURAL DESIGN
5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
5.2 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF STRUCTURAL STRENGTH DESIGN
5.2.1 Design structural strength
5.2.2 Design bending moment (Md)
5.2.3 Buckling of a pile
5.2.4 Pile splice
5.3 CONCRETE AND GROUT PILES
5.3.1 General
5.3.2 Cast in place piles
5.3.3 Reinforcement requirement
5.3.4 Partially reinforced pile
5.3.5 Unreinforced piles
5.3.6 Cast in place screw piles
5.3.7 Lateral restraint of longitudinal reinforcement and tendons
5.4 STEEL PILES
5.4.1 General
5.4.2 Steel screw piles
5.5 COMPOSITE STEEL AND CONCRETE PILES
5.6 TIMBER PILES
5.6.1 General
5.6.2 Timber pile splices
5.6.3 Connection details
SECTION 6 DURABILITY DESIGN
6.1 GENERAL
6.2 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF DURABILITY DESIGN
6.3 ACID SULFATE SOILS
6.4 DESIGN FOR DURABILITY OF CONCRETE PILES
6.4.1 General
6.4.2 Exposure classification for concrete piles
6.4.3 Durability requirements
6.5 DESIGN FOR DURABILITY OF STEEL PILES
6.5.1 General
6.5.2 Exposure classification for steel piles
6.5.3 Corrosion allowance for steel piles
6.5.4 Coating protection systems
6.5.5 Cathodic protection
6.6 DESIGN FOR DURABILITY OF TIMBER PILES
6.6.1 Design life
6.6.2 Timber selection and treatment
6.6.3 Timber preservation
6.6.4 Treatment after cut-off
6.6.5 Marine piles
SECTION 7 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
7.1 GENERAL
7.1.1 Concrete
7.1.2 Grout
7.1.3 Steel
7.1.4 Timber
7.2 TOLERANCES AND DEFECTS
7.2.1 Positional tolerances
7.2.2 Cut-off levels
7.2.3 Trimming and capping
7.2.4 Variation in pile depths
7.2.5 Defective piles
7.3 DISPLACEMENT PILES-PREFORMED
7.3.1 Dimensional tolerances
7.3.2 Handling and storage
7.3.3 Installation by driving
7.3.4 Installation by jacking
7.3.5 Installation by screwing
7.4 DISPLACEMENT PILES-DRIVEN CAST IN PLACE
7.4.1 Dimensional accuracy
7.4.2 Liners
7.4.3 Construction
7.5 DISPLACEMENT PILES-SCREWED CAST IN PLACE
7.5.1 General
7.5.2 Dimensional accuracy
7.5.3 Construction
7.5.4 Sampling and testing
7.6 NON-DISPLACEMENT PILES
7.6.1 Dimensional accuracy
7.6.2 Support systems
7.6.3 Excavation of the pile shaft
7.6.4 Base and shaft preparation
7.6.5 Construction
7.6.6 Continuous flight auger piles
7.7 RECORDS OF DATA
7.7.1 Displacement piles
7.7.2 Non-displacement piles
SECTION 8 TESTING
8.1 SCOPE
8.2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
8.2.1 Selection and construction of test piles
8.2.2 Effect of changed conditions
8.2.3 Performance of the tests
8.2.4 Requirement to test
8.3 PILE LOAD TESTING
8.3.1 Types of pile load testing
8.3.2 Information required
8.3.3 Test load
8.3.4 Acceptance of piles
8.3.5 Effects of test set-up
8.4 STATIC LOAD TESTING
8.4.1 Use of static loading
8.4.2 Test procedure
8.4.3 Acceptance criteria
8.5 HIGH-STRAIN DYNAMIC PILE TESTING
8.5.1 General
8.5.2 Acceptance criteria
8.6 BI-DIRECTIONAL LOAD TESTING
8.6.1 General
8.6.2 Performance criteria
8.7 RAPID LOAD TESTING
8.7.1 General
8.7.2 Acceptance criteria
8.8 INTEGRITY TESTING
8.8.1 General
8.8.2 Test procedure
8.8.3 Acceptance criteria
APPENDIX A - STATIC LOAD TEST
A1 GENERAL
A2 PREPARATION AND APPARATUS
A2.1 Preparation for testing
A2.2 Reaction system
A2.3 Equipment for loading and test measurement
A3 LOADING PROGRESS AND RECORDING OF DATA
A3.1 General
A3.2 Load application
A3.3 Recording during the loading stages
A3.4 Recording during unloading stages
A4 REPORT
APPENDIX B - HIGH-STRAIN DYNAMIC PILE TESTING
B1 GENERAL
B2 PILE PREPARATION
B3 HAMMER ENERGY
B4 NEGATIVE FRICTION
B5 TIME AND PURPOSE OF TESTING
B6 APPLICATION OF DYNAMIC TESTING
B7 INSTRUMENTATION
B8 TEST PROCEDURE
B9 REPORT
APPENDIX C - RAPID PILE TESTING
C1 GENERAL
C2 DEFINITIONS
C2.1 Rapid force
C2.2 Wave speed
C2.3 Natural period
C3 SAFETY
C4 EQUIPMENT
C4.1 General
C4.2 Equipment using pressure of gases produced by combustion
C4.3 Equipment using a drop mass
C5 MEASURING SYSTEMS
C5.1 Measurement of force
C5.2 Measurement of pile movement
C5.3 Pile groups
C5.4 Measurement of acceleration
C6 RECORDING OF RESULTS
C7 ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
C8 REPORT
APPENDIX D - INTEGRITY TESTING
D1 SCOPE
D2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
D2.1 Preparation for testing
D2.2 Time of testing
D2.3 Report
D3 PULSE ECHO METHOD
D3.1 General
D3.2 Site testing
D3.3 Signal processing
D4 VIBRATION METHOD
D4.1 General
D4.2 Site testing
D4.3 Signal processing
D5 IMPULSE RESPONSE METHOD
D5.1 General
D5.2 Site testing
D5.3 Signal processing
D6 SONIC LOGGING METHOD
D6.1 General
D6.2 Site testing
D6.3 Signal processing
D7 ALTERNATIVE TEST METHODS
APPENDIX E - LIMIT STATES-SYMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
  
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