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AS 3996-2006 access covers and grates

Standard Number:  AS 3996-2006
Title:  access covers and grates
Language:  English
Replacing Standard:  DR 04171 CP

Publication Date:  2006/3/2
Execute Date:  2006/3/2
Status:  Current
International Classification for Standards (ICS)CIVIL ENGINEERING>>Road engineering>>Road equipment and installations
Publisher:  Australia Standards(AS)
Price:  
Number of Pages:45P.;A4  

Description:Specifies requirements for access covers and grates for use in vehicular and pedestrian areas. It applies particularly to components manufactured from grey and ductile irons and cast and manufactured steels and other materials, and access covers and grat  
Catalog:Document Contents
AS 3996-2006 ACCESS COVERS AND GRATES
PREFACE
CONTENTS
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE
1.2 APPLICATION
1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
1.4 DEFINITIONS
1.4.1 Access chamber (also known as maintenance hole)
1.4.2 Access cover
1.4.3 Batch
1.4.4 Circular opening (CO)
1.4.5 Clear opening
1.4.6 Depth of insertion
1.4.7 Grate
1.4.8 Hinge
1.4.9 Inspection chamber
1.4.10 Lift-out
1.4.11 Batch release test
1.4.12 Type test
1.4.13 Fastening device
1.4.14 Recessed cover
1.4.15 Register
1.4.16 Sealed cover
1.4.17 Sealed gas-tight
1.4.18 Sealed watertight
1.4.19 Seating
1.4.20 Tilt-up mechanism
1.4.21 Unit
1.4.22 Vane
1.5 CLASSIFICATION TERMINOLOGY
1.6 PERMANENT MARKING
SECTION 2 MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 CAST IRON
2.3 FABRICATED STEEL
2.4 ALUMINIUM
2.5 CONCRETE
2.6 BOLTS
2.7 PROTECTIVE COATINGS
2.7.1 Cast iron
2.7.2 Steel
2.8 ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS
SECTION 3 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
3.1 LOAD CLASSIFICATION
3.2 DESIGN FEATURES
3.2.1 Covers and grates
3.2.2 Covers
3.3 DIMENSIONS
3.3.1 Clear opening for persons
3.3.2 Clearance gaps
3.3.3 Surface tolerances
3.3.4 Relative height of cover or grate to frame
3.3.5 Surface openings in pedestrian areas
3.3.6 Bicycle tyre penetration resistance (BTPR)
SECTION 4 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
4.1 GENERAL
4.1.1 Recessed covers
4.1.2 Compliance with this Standard
4.1.3 Test specimen
4.1.4 Galvanized units
4.1.5 Production units
4.2 TESTING
4.2.1 Load tests
4.2.2 Bicycle tyre penetration resistance test (BTPR)
4.2.3 Watertightness test
4.2.4 Gas-tightness test
APPENDIX A - MEANS FOR DEMONSTRATING COMPLIANCE WITH THIS STANDARD
A1 SCOPE
A2 RELEVANCE
A3 DEFINITIONS
A3.1 Acceptable quality level (AQL)
A3.2 Inspection level
A3.3 Lot
A3.4 Production batch
A3.5 Sample
A4 PRODUCT CERTIFICATION
A5 MINIMUM SAMPLING AND TESTING FREQUENCY PLAN
A5.1 General
A5.2 Retesting
A5.3 Rejection after test
APPENDIX B - PURCHASING GUIDELINES
B1 GENERAL
B2 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER
B2.1 General
B2.2 Other marking
B3 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE MANUFACTURER
APPENDIX C - LOAD TESTS FOR COVERS AND GRATES
C1 GENERAL
C2 TEST SPECIMENS DESIGNED FOR STRUCTURAL INFILL
C3 APPARATUS
C4 PROCEDURE
C4.1 Preparation
C4.2 Loads
C4.3 Type test
C4.4 Batch release test
C4.5 Measurement of deflection due to the serviceability design load
C4.6 Measurement of permanent set due to the serviceability design load
C4.7 Application of the ultimate limit state design load
C5 TEST REPORTS
C5.1 Batch release test reports
C5.2 Type test report
APPENDIX D - BICYCLE TYRE PENETRATION RESISTANCE TEST FOR COVERS AND GRATES
D1 SCOPE
D2 PRINCIPLE
D3 APPARATUS
D4 PROCEDURE
D4.1 Conditioning
D4.2 Gauge penetration of cover or grate in the frame
D4.3 Openings between frame and cover or grate
D4.4 Dynamic penetration procedure
D5 TEST REPORTS
APPENDIX E - METHOD OF TESTING COVERS FOR WATERTIGHTNESS
E1 SCOPE
E2 PRINCIPLE
E3 APPARATUS
E4 PROCEDURE
E5 REPORT
APPENDIX F - METHOD OF TESTING COVERS FOR GAS-TIGHTNESS
F1 SCOPE
F2 PRINCIPLE
F3 APPARATUS
F4 PROCEDURE
F5 REPORT
APPENDIX G - ON-SITE CONCRETE INFILL OF COVERS
G1 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF COVERS REQUIRING ON-SITE STRUCTURAL INFILL
G2 CONCRETE
G3 PLACEMENT AND CURING OF CONCRETE INFILL
G3.1 General
G3.2 Cold weather
G3.3 Hot weather
G3.4 Heated ingredients
  
File Format:  PDF(Acrobat Reader) or Word version doc Document
File Size:  222KB
Tile in English:  access covers and grates

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