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AS 2550.1-1993 cranes - safe use - general requirements

Standard Number:  AS 2550.1-1993
Title:  cranes - safe use - general requirements
Language:  English
Publication Date:  1993/7/2
Execute Date:  1993/9/13
Status:  Withdrawn
International Classification for Standards (ICS)MATERIALS HANDLING EQUIPMENT>>Lifting equipment>>Cranes
Publisher:  Australia Standards(AS)
Price:  
Number of Pages:40P.;A4  

Preface:   
Description:Specifies the general requirements for the planning, selection, siting, personnel, erection, dismantling, operation maintenance, inspection, repair, ropes, hooks and attachment for the safe use of cranes. It does not include specific requirements for cranes, hoists and winches mounted on waterborne vessels.  
Catalog:Document Contents
AS 2550.1-1993 CRANES-SAFE USE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
PREFACE
CONTENTS
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE
1.2 APPLICATION
1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
1.4 DEFINITIONS
1.4.1 Competent person
1.4.2 Management
1.4.3 Management?s instructions
1.4.4 Shall
1.4.5 Should
SECTION 2 PLANNING
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED
SECTION 3 SELECTION
3.1 GENERAL
SECTION 4 SITING
4.1 GENERAL
4.2 CRANE STANDING
4.2.1 General
4.2.2 Wind force
4.2.3 In-service conditions
4.2.4 Out-of-service conditions
4.2.5 Underground services
4.2.6 Stability on crane standing
4.3 PROXIMITY HAZARDS AND VISIBILITY
4.3.1 Proximity hazards
4.3.2 Visibility
4.4 ENVIRONMENTAL RESTRICTIONS
4.4.1 Noise
4.4.2 Noxious fumes
4.5 CLEARANCES
SECTION 5 PERSONNEL
5.1 MANAGEMENT
5.2 CRANE OPERATORS
5.2.1 Qualifications
5.2.2 Authorization
5.2.3 Physical and mental fitness of crane operator
5.3 CRANE CHASERS AND DOGMEN
5.3.1 Qualifications
5.3.2 Authorization
5.3.3 Identification
5.4 ALCOHOL AND DRUG USAGE
SECTION 6 ERECTION AND DISMANTLING
6.1 IDENTIFICATION OF CRANE COMPONENTS
6.2 INSTRUCTIONS
6.3 ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
6.4 CORRECT FUNCTION OF SAFETY DEVICES
SECTION 7 OPERATION
7.1 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
7.2 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
7.3 COMMUNICATION OF IRREGULARITIES
7.4 LEAVING THE CRANE UNATTENDED
7.5 ABNORMAL NOISE OR MOVEMENT
7.6 HOUSEKEEPING
7.7 ACCESS ONTO A CRANE
7.8 PERSONS APPROACHING THE PROXIMITY OF A CRANE
7.9 CRANE OPERATION
7.9.1 General
7.9.2 Hoisting of loads
7.9.3 Multiple hoist line operation
7.9.4 Balancing the load
7.9.5 Use of motion limits
7.9.6 Interruption of electric power supply
7.9.7 Crane operation in the vicinity of air fields
7.10 CONTROL OF LOAD
7.11 TAG LINES
7.12 COMMUNICATION
7.12.1 Methods of signalling
7.12.2 Hand signals
7.12.3 Bell, buzzer and whistle signals
7.13 HANDLING LOADS OVER PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS AND ADJACENT BUILDINGS
7.14 LOADS SUPPORTED BY MAGNETIC, VACUUM AND FRICTION LIFTING ATTACHMENTS
7.15 RIDING ON THE CRANE
7.16 SUSPENSION OF PERSONS BY CRANE
7.16.1 General
7.16.2 Requirements for the workbox
7.16.3 Requirements for the crane used with a workbox
7.16.4 Operation of the crane with suspended personnel
7.17 OPERATION NEAR AERIAL CONDUCTORS (OVERHEAD POWERLINES)
7.17.1 Precautions
7.17.2 Aerial conductor contact
7.18 OPERATION NEAR UNDERGROUND LIVE CONDUCTORS
7.19 MULTIPLE CRANE OPERATION
7.19.1 General
7.19.2 Capacity requirements
7.19.3 Planning for multiple crane hoisting
7.19.4 Supervision
7.19.5 Communications
7.20 SPECIAL DUTIES
7.20.1 General
7.20.2 Grabbing and magnet crane service
7.20.3 Swinging-ball demolition service
7.20.4 Lifting products of demolition
7.20.5 Piling service
7.20.6 Inspection
7.20.7 Recreational use
7.21 WEATHER CONDITIONS
7.21.1 Wind conditions
7.21.2 Visibility conditions
7.21.3 Wet conditions
7.21.4 Lightning
7.22 ACCIDENT OR DAMAGE
7.23 MODIFICATIONS TO CRANES
7.24 NECESSARY EQUIPMENT
7.25 GUARDING
7.26 LOAD RATING CHARTS
7.27 LOAD TESTING
SECTION 8 MAINTENANCE, INSPECTION AND REPAIR
8.1 GENERAL
8.2 INSPECTION
8.2.1 Major inspection
8.3 MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
8.3.1 General
8.3.2 Worn or unserviceable parts
8.3.3 Log maintenance
SECTION 9 ROPES, HOOKS AND ATTACHMENTS
9.1 ROPES
9.1.1 Replacement of ropes
9.1.2 Rope reeving
9.1.3 Rope guards or keepers
9.1.4 Guide rollers and sheaves
9.1.5 Rope drums and sheaves
9.1.6 Rope terminal fittings
9.1.7 Rope lengths
9.1.8 Rope stretch
9.1.9 Examination of ropes
9.2 HOOKS AND HOOK BLOCKS
9.3 ATTACHMENTS
9.3.1 General
9.3.2 Identification and marking
9.3.3 Workboxes
9.3.4 Inspection
APPENDIX A - SAFE BEARING PRESSURE FOR CRANE OUTRIGGERS
APPENDIX B - ROUTINE CHECKS FOR CRANES
APPENDIX C - SAFE WORK PROCEDURES FOR THE MAINTENANCE AND THE INSPECTION OF CRANES
C1 SCOPE
C2 RESTRICTION OF ACCESS
C3 AUTHORIZATION FOR ACCESS
C4 WARNING TO OTHER PERSONNEL
C5 WORK NEAR CRANES
C6 WORK ON CRANES
C7 LOCK-OUT OF MAIN ISOLATOR OR CRANE ISOLATOR
C8 OVERHEAD MAINTENANCE OR INSPECTION
C9 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION IN ELEVATED POSITIONS
C10 HEAD PROTECTION
APPENDIX D - RECOMMENDED MINIMUM SERVICE REQUIREMENTS FOR CRANES
D1 CONTROL POINTS
D1.1 General
D1.2 Structural
D1.3 Function
D1.4 Measuring
D1.5 Adjustment
D1.6 Lubrication
D2 CONTROL FREQUENCY
D2.1 General
D2.2 Safety control
D2.3 Preventative service
D2.4 Major inspection
APPENDIX E - STANDARDS FOR COMPONENTS USED IN LIFTING SYSTEMS
  
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